J.S. Bach, BWV 1003, Sonata 2 in A Minor, II - Fuga, Tutorial (Part 2)

A must-see for anyone playing this fugue, on any instrument!

Part one shows how the violin imitates, alternatively, the role of an orchestra, a soloist, and a duet. We introduce the Fugue’s subject and what we call Motive X, as well as the idea of the piece being a “concerto fugue.”

Part two shows that these elements are not only used as contrasting textures in their own right, but also how they are carefully deployed to support the overall arch of the piece.

Within his formal structures, Bach always makes his way to one particular tonal area, and then heads back home; it can be thought of as taking the scenic route there and taking the shortcut home. Since the shortcut is more simple, part two deals with the return home, and thus the videos are not sequential.

It is vitally important for performers to understand the broad structure of a monumental piece such as this. Being on familiar ground and having a clear sense of direction always helps players be more expressive.

See Part one first
and Part three